Free Divorce Lawyer For Low-Income

If you cannot afford a lawyer to aid in the divorce process due to low-income, there are multiple ways to receive legal aid for free. Going through a divorce is never an easy time for anyone and can quickly cause a financial burden. The number of factors or concerns considered when filing for a divorce can significantly raise the overall costs. A study conducted in 2019 concluded that the average costs for a divorce taken to trial with a lawyer’s aid could cost upwards of $12,000.

This can be a daunting experience for couples operating with low-income and can prevent some couples from going through a divorce. A divorce does not always have to cost an arm and a leg; many affordable legal aid options prove extremely helpful. Lawyers are typically paid by the hour, resulting in much higher fees when each party involved in the divorce cannot reach a joint compromise on topics such as child custody, asset allocation, or alimony that must be brought in front of a judge for the final verdict. This article will talk about the many ways to go about the divorce process on a budget.

Divorce Fee Waiver

Low-income married couples that have decided to file for divorce may be eligible to receive a one-time divorce fee waiver. Eligibility requirements for a divorce fee waiver vary state by state but are most commonly granted to low-income couples that can prove they cannot afford the filing process. Fees for filing a divorce range greatly between all 50 states, with the highest divorce filing fees found in California at over $400. While eligibility for a fee waiver can vary greatly, there are standard qualifications applications must meet.

If you are eligible or receiving government assistance such as SNAP, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), or Medicaid, you will typically be granted a fee waiver. Low-income individuals who earn an annual income of 125% or less of the current Federal Poverty Level guidelines are also typically granted the divorce fee waiver. However, it is essential to note that many states require each party to inform the court if their income status changes throughout the divorce process, allowing them to afford the original filing fee. Once granted for a divorce fee waiver, this will jumpstart the divorce process within the court system.

Additional information along with all the required forms can be found on the United States Courts website. Fee Waiver Application Forms | United States Courts (

Free Legal Aid

While many lawyers can charge hourly rates in the hundreds of dollars, there are lawyers in your state willing to work for free, or pro bono, if the case intrigues them. Many individuals who come from a household of domestic abuse or otherwise unhealthy situations often can find pro bono lawyers looking out for their client’s best interest without worrying about charging exorbitant rates.

Contacting your state bar association can give you a list of reliable lawyers to call and plead your case. Utilize the internet to find lawyers not otherwise recommended from the bar association that may better suit your case. These lawyers may waive all fees related to the divorce process to worsen a financial situation for primarily low-income individuals. Typically, once a lawyer has agreed to work for free, they will initiate all the filling processes required by the courts about fee waivers on your behalf. Undergoing thorough research about the affordable or accessible legal aid services in your area can save you significant amounts of money in the long run throughout a divorce trial. More information on Legal Aid can be found here:  Lawyers and Legal Advice | USAGov

Negotiating Flat Fees & Contingent Fees

When a lawyer does not work for an hourly rate, they will, in turn, ask for a flat fee that covers all the expenses of the trial from start to finish. This amount can be negotiated between the two parties to agree that everyone can be happy about. This amount is typically paid at the end of the trial, although each lawyer goes about this process differently. Some may ask for a retainer fee in the beginning to cover the costs of filing all the necessary documents, along with the time it takes to research each aspect of the divorce thoroughly.

A flat fee can be much cheaper throughout a trial when compared to lawyers that charge an hourly rate. Some lawyers will even allow their clients to set up a payment plan for the agreed-upon rate, not to hinder their financial situation. If you are mainly invested in winning the case, lawyers will often operate with a contingent fee. This fee is only paid to the lawyer if they win their case for the client and receive everything they wanted in the divorce. A contingent fee is excellent for ensuring success as lawyers will do everything they can to win the case to receive their fee. If the client loses their divorce case, no contingent fee will be required to be paid. This acts as a “bonus” to ensure the desired outcome at the end of the trial.

Filing For Divorce Without A Lawyer

In the United States, you are not required to hire a lawyer to represent a divorce case. Unlike criminal cases, the judge does not appoint a lawyer for divorce-related cases. A lawyer’s need is based on your specific case and the details that require a third party. In many divorce cases, couples tend to disagree on many different aspects of the split, especially if children are involved. If you are in a safe position to work each part of the divorce as a couple without getting a lawyer involved, you can save thousands of dollars and time. If you are in an abusive relationship or otherwise cannot safely come to a compromise with your spouse, always get the proper authorities involved.

Mediation services are a great resource for low-income couples who are willing to talk together and come to a compromise on the aspects of the divorce that would otherwise need to be decided in the court of law. Mediation is substantially cheaper than hiring a lawyer while improving communication skills between the couple. This process is done through a third party who listens to both sides of the conflict while remaining completely neutral in their decision-making process. The mediator does not make the final decision for these matters; instead assists the couple in coming to a compromise that best suits all parties.


When all else fails, and it’s time to hire a lawyer to assist in your divorce case, there are many resources available for low-income couples. Divorce can be a stressful and quite expensive endeavor for all parties involved. Taking advantage of your state’s legal aid agencies can significantly reduce legal fees while putting you on track towards a resolution.

Before applying for fee waivers or pro bono work, be sure to check your state’s laws and regulations for these matters. Each state has its application process for all legal aid programs, and all require precise documentation. These programs are put into place to ensure U.S citizens of all income levels can file for divorce without being overly cost-burdened, a common reason for many low-income couples to remain married despite the problems at hand.

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